According to the World Health Organization, the next pandemic could be caused by pathogens transmitted by insects. They seem to pose a big risk, according to a report from the Daily Mail.
Arboviruses, such as yellow fever, Zika, Chikungunya and dengue, are pathogens spread by arthropods such as mosquitoes and ticks.
They seem to have become a huge concern as they top the list for the next potential outbreak, which could lead to a pandemic.
They thrive in tropical and subtropical areas, where about four billion people live.
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Experts are looking for strategies to avoid another pandemic.
In a briefing on Thursday, Dr Sylvie Briand, director of the global infectious hazard preparedness team at the WHO, said: “We have been through two years of the Covid pandemic and we have learned the hard way what [it costs] not being sufficiently prepared for high-impact events.”
“We have had [a] signal with Sars in 2003 and the experience of the 2009 flu pandemic – but there were still gaps in our preparation. The next pandemic could, most likely, be due to a new arbovirus. And we also have signals that the risk is increasing,” added Briand, who was speaking at the launch of WHO’s new global arbovirus initiative.
The initiative aimed to bring together work to combat insect-borne threats under one roof.
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Over 89 countries have faced Zika outbreaks since 2016. Since the early 2000s, the risk of yellow fever has been on the rise. Dengue infects 390 million people every year in 130 countries.
World Health Organization Emergency Program Manager Dr Mike Ryan said: “For each of these diseases, there have been gains in different aspects of surveillance response, research and development. development. But durability is often limited to the scope, duration and scope of the disease. There is an urgent need to reassess the tools available and how they can be used for all diseases to ensure effective response, evidence-based practice, equipped and trained staff, and community engagement.
(With agency contributions)